Sept. 1862

During this month while we have been building Fort No 1 Spring field Missouri, quite a No of Regiments have arrived from the north & now the Army of the Frontier is formed Brigadier Gen. Schofield Com'd'g. the 1st Div'n is already formed & in Kansas Brig. Gen. Blunt Com'd'g. the 2d is composed out of the following Reg'ts to wit— 1st Brigade 18th Iowa & 26th Ind Inf'y Batery E, 1st Mo. light Artilery & the 7th Mo. Cav. Col. Wheatly com'd'g. Brigade. 2d Brigade 20th Iowa & 37th (ours) Ill. Inf'y Batery F, 1st Mo. Light artilery & the 1st Iowa Cav. Col. Wm Mc E. Dye com'd'g. Brigade. Brig. Gen. Jas. Totten com'd'g Div'n. 3d Div'n 19th Iowa 20th Wis'n & 94th Ill. Inf'y Batery L 1st Mo. Light artilery & one section Batery C 2nd Ill. Light Artilary & the 6th (one Battallion) & 8th Mo Cav. Brig. Gen. Herron com'd'g. Div'n.

29th  March southwest 12 miles & camp at Pond Springs (Camp McClellan) 2 miles south of Littleyork.

30th   this is a pleasant day the 3rd Div'n is left at Springfield. drill under Lt Col. Black, comdg Reg't in absence of Col. Barnes orders to march tomorrow the 1st of Oct.


Oct. 1st   Break up camp at 9.A.M. & march 13 miles southwest & camp at what is called the turn back weather fine roads good health of Reg. excelent

2d   march at 6.A.M. southwest 20 miles pass through Mt Vernon a beautiful town over magnificent Prairies studded with small Groves camp at the head of Spring River.

3d   move into a suitable camp discharge & clean our arms clean camp & make ready for a long stay. at 8.P.M. orders come to march & away we go for New Tonio 25 miles distant

4th   marched all night 3 hours rain roads very muddy we (37th Ill.) were the advance Regiment & was far ahead of all others at day light we pass through the once beautiful but now deserted town of Jollification & at 8.A.M. we march on to the prairie which surrounds New Tonio it is a beautiful sight that presents itself from the N.W. & S.W. the 1st Div'n under Blunt, Solomon & Cloud all are advancing steadily with an occasional halt of a moment to throw a shell into the town the remainder of our Div'n except cavalry was was an hours march behind as we advanced (supposing we had them cornered) the secesh retreated by (to us) an unknown road as we were on the N.E. Brown Cav. Brigade on the S.E. we thought them fast & come to find out there



Oct.   was an excelent road leading south which the Reb's took our cav. pursued killing some taking some prisoners it was a cold disagreeable day & our clothes being wet from the rain which fell during the night makes it bad for us this afternoon we move into a suitable camp & await the arrival of our tents Blankets rations, &.c.

5th   teams come up at night we pitch them & get ready to live once more we have a beautiful came one mile south of the town on the edge of the Prairie up to this time Gen Totten is almost worshiped by the Reg't.

6th   weather splendid men in good health & spirits at the prospect of a pleasant campaign under a good kindhearted General

7th   nothing is learned as to the whereabouts of the Reb's. the weather is fair people are very destitute through this section of the country mostly Seceshionests especially the Ladies (if such they may be called which I doubt)

8th   rainy day orders to march tomorrow

9th   march south at 9. A.M. it rains all day & until 10 oclock at night march 13 miles over very muddy roads & camp at Gadfly without tents or blankets or or rations

10th   teams come up it has cleared off is quite a fine day

11th   go foraging have a pleasant day a very poor country

12th   march south 12 miles to caseville where we lay nearly three months during the past summer we are now on the old telegraph road



Oct. 13th   it is beautiful weather everything looks familiar hereabouts the Reg't is in good health

14th   Gen. Herron arrives from Springfield with the 3d Div'n the weather is fair

15th   weather fine roads excelent Perris, my Step Bro. is sick today also one of our Serg'ts.

16th   take Perris to the Hospital & prepare to march on the morrow by Order.

17th   once more we take up our line of march for Ark. 9 months today we crossed the line for the first time then in pursuit of Price now of Rains Shelby Marmaduke & Co. march 25 miles & camp on Pearidge

18th   march two miles along the ridge & ocupy the same camp we used to ocupy before the battle of Pearidge (March 6th 7th & 8th/62) it is a beautiful camp & it is pleasant weather

19th   obtain permission & look the Battle field over it looks familiar go to our (37th) old burial place at leetown it looks very well.

20th   march at 6.P.M. Blunt (1st Div'n) marches southwest we southeast

21st   take breakfast at Daybreak 23 miles from camp in a beautiful valley with splendid springs a beautiful creek large Oaks & Pines & various trees & shrubbery altogether it forms a most pleasing sight, but we must pass on most likely never to return to these beautiful vallies again we pass over large sloping hills



Oct.    & steep bluffs cross White & War Eagle rivers & at night bivouac 40 miles from Pearidge 7 from Huntsville lay on our arms expecting to have a fight in the morning no blankets or tents

22d   after shivering six hours we are called into line of battle where we stand until day light when we break ranks confiscate some small Porkers & roasted them but it is rather poor eating without salt to season it with the cav. have cleared the Reb's. from Huntsville & at noon our teams come up we work until about 4.P.M. to get our tents up & supper ready. just then Orders come to march & immediately the bugle sounds to strike tents. we are drawn up in close columns & Col. Black makes a short but stirring speech, in which he tells us that before the rising of another sun we shall stand face to face with the foes of our country & as we are the only tried reg't in the two Div'ns & the favorite Reg't of a favorite Gen (Totton) much would be expected of us. then after resting awhile for others to get ready we marched N.W.

23d   we have marched allnight & until 4.P.M. today now we camp 35 miles from where we started last eve

24th   march 10 miles north cross the telegraph road at mudtown & camp at Sand Spring we are now within 15 miles of Pearidge where were started from it has been fine weather during the whole march & the boys have stood it well in the meantime Blunt has fought them at Mount Pleasant & taken 4 pieces of artilery 300 prisoners part of their train & drove them over the Boston Mountains



Oct. 25th   cloudy today the people here are very ignorant & destitute the Ladies smoke & chew tobacco & swear like pirates.

26th   Knapsack team (left at Pearidge) comes accross to us & it comes very acceptable just now as we woke up this morning with three inches of snow on the ground Lt F. J. Abbey arrives from Springfield

27th   break up camp at 6.P.M. & march south west

28th   at daybreak arrive at Fayetteville (22 miles) the Van. Guard rout the Reb's after a short skirmish killing 8 of theirs wounding 5 of ours the rest fly for Boston Mountains leaving part of their train we advance 3 miles to white river lay an hour or so & then return to Fayetteville & camp for the night

29th   lay in camp. this is a beautiful town or has been now it is sadly desolate. Ben McCulloch destroyed its most important parts mills Seminary CourtHouse &.c. which were all splendid buildings there is one seminary left.

30th   weather fair break up camp at 6.A.M. march back to Sand Spring 22 miles roads good teams move ahead therefore we have everything ready when we arrive as the boys that strayed ahead have pitched our tents for us

31st   weather beautiful muster for Pay Col. Mc E. Dye mustering Officer another month is gone.



Nov. 1st   weather cool but pleasant go to Bentonville for forage which is scarce apples are plenty but owing to the indolence of the people they are nearly all spoiled by the frost

2d   march north 15 miles & camp on Pearidge roads very dusty

3d   march north 15 miles Camp at Keatsville Mo. Once more our faces are turned northward Gen. Totten has become the terror of the Div'n. by abusing his men still for two things he is a splendid Gen. (1st he is a splendid diciplinarian & Officers as well as men [must?] obey orders to the very letter (2d) if there is anything to eat, drink, or to wear his Div'n must have its share

4th   leaving Keatsville we march along the telegraph road pass through Cassville & camp on flat creek near what is known as the three widow's [illegible]

5th   Break up Camp at six A.M. & march [north?] leaving the telegraph road we march to Marionsville 20 miles & now we lay 25 miles S.W. of Springfield Gen. Schofield leaves us for Springfield leaving Totten in full command & now he commences to show his colors

6th   a team goes to Springfield for clothing weather fair men in good health & spirits

7th   team came back weather fine

8th   weather cold but pleasant men in fine spirits

9th   still in camp in Marionsville weather cold but pleasant



Nov. 10th   break up camp & march east 35 miles to Ozark 15 miles southwest of S roads very rough Totten rougher still the 18th Iowa he sends to Springfield to recruit completely worn out they were a good full Reg't 4 months ago but hard usage & marching has used them very bad our Co. team breaks down leaving us without tents or rations but our Q.M. furnishes the latter.

11th   weather cold but pleasant Reg. in good health

12th   this is a beautiful morning

13th   94th Ill. & Peoria Batery join us from S they are a noble looking Reg. fresh from Home

14th   march 12 miles east Camp ¾ mile from water

15th   march 3 miles camp on finley creek our Co. team comes up & we have our tents rations &.c. & commence living once more in our own acct.

16th   rainy day but as we have our tents we donot mind it much

17th   break up camp at day break lay around until 12.M. then march west rain steadily pass[?] through Ozark & on down the finley ly down in the rain near james river when it becomes so dark we can see to go no farther 20 miles

18th   start on at daybreak cross james river & march across country to Spring Creek two miles from the old telegraph road 15 miles



Nov. 19th   Knapsack team comes up & we have our blankets Co. team has broke down again clears off toward night

20th   clear but cold. we now lay in camp in Stone County Missouri Camp beautiful named after the Immortal Lyon's who died so Nobly at the bloody Battle of Wilson Creek our tents came up & again we make a feint at living

21st   weather fine. quite cool.

22d   Totten leaves us the command devolve upon Brig. Gen. Herron, who at Pearidge was Lt Col. Com'd'g 9th Iowa was there wounded taken prisoner exchanged & promoted to Brig. Gen. for gallantry Totten the terror of the army of the frontier has gone but we expect him back as he had only gone to St Louis to attend the McKinstry trial which is in full blast

23d   weather fair Regiment in excelent Health & spirits mail & papers three days old from St Louis arrive daily

24th   we now lay still until Dec. weather is pleasant warm days cool nights another month has gone & clouds are growing thicker Marmaduke & Hindman are harassing Blunt with a large force so large that he cannot with any Hope of success fight them all he can do is act on the defensive



Dec. 1st   weather fair rumors of Blunt being sorely pressed by a force from 25.000 or 35.000 under Hindman & Marmaduke

2d   this is a beautiful day, warm and pleasant

3d   weather fair orders to march at one oclock in the morning Blunt is at Cane Hill 115 miles S.W. but we are satisfied we must go to his relief

4th   march S.W. at 3.A.M. S.W. along the old telegraph road we are about 5.000 strong in two Div'ns under Gen. Herron a man that all liked march 22 miles camp on flat creek

5th   march at 3.A.M. along the telegraph road 24 miles pass through Keatsville & Cassville & camp at what is known as Camp Sigel

6th   again we march at 3.A.M. cross the state line at sunrise arrive at Cross Hollows 26 miles about sunset this is a very formidable place all our Cav. except a battallion or two has been sent ahead to reach Blunt if possible & sustain him until we arrive

7th   resume march at 1.A.M. arrive at Fayetteville 18th miles at sunrise march on to the flat west of town & take breakfast when it is asertained that the rebs have eluded Blunt & are now coming to meet us again we set forth it is 13 miles to Prairie Grove our advance meets them is repulsed reinforced



Dec. 7th   meets & drives them across Illinois Creek & they take position on an angling Hill beautifully adapted to their purposes it is just accross an open field & is very steep but short & covered with timber at 1.P.M. preparations have been completed & after a short Artilery duel a charge is made a noble one too but it is repulsed by a solid mass of the enemy at the brow of the Hill. steadily did they ascend the Hill but such a fire no mortal could stand & they came back (3 Reg. I think) in utter confusion then another sharp artilery duel & another charge was to be made the 37th (ours) Ill. & 26th Ind. were led forward accross the field & halted at the fence at the foot of the Hill for orders it soon came & our Co. (I) was called for to act as skirmisher in front & Co. A to the right of the Battallion we ascended the Hill & there was an open field (small one) accross which the reb's. were skulking we fired upon them & then sought the best cover we could find (fence trees Barn House &.C.) & kept up a pretty brisk fire but the Reb's arose at least 8 ranks deep in front of us & advanced we let them have all that we had but it did not phase them & just then



Dec. 7th   the Reg. came up & such a whizzing & hissing as was there for a few moments I never dreampt of before but it soon ended for our Col. was severely wounded & the gallant 26th was forced back on our left & in a moment more it would have been a hand to hand contest but just then orders were given for us to retreat & away we went down the Hill & formed on the flat below in a moment at the command & again we were ready for them & started for the Hill but the Gen. rode to the front & says he Boys I cannot allow you to go up there again but we were still within range & fired away with our Belgians until our amunition began to run low but where was Blunt all the time you will say. he was coming & just about one hour before sunset he opened on the Rebs left flank & then the Battle raged in all its wild fury until near sunset when the enemy partialy withdrew we were the advance Reg. & lay on our arms a kind of Piquet. the fore part of the night was ocupied in caring for our wounded dealing out amunition & preparing for one grand rush in the morning but we were doomed to be disappointed



Dec. 8th   about two oclock A.M. Marmaduke came in with a flag of truce we kept him in our Reg. & sent for the Gen. he came about some trivial matter & their army was all the while retreating but we was not aware of it at daylight Marmaduke went back & Hindman & Blunt & others met on the line Hindman wanted time to bury his dead & care for his wounded but when the parley was ended it was ascertained that the Secesh were all gone during the Parley Hindman owned himself badly whipped our loss was not far from 1.000 (our Reg. 70) theirs could not have been less than twice that I should judge by passing over the field & visiting their Hospitals which ocupy every house for miles around & their dead lay very thick where we went we lay in our old position until five P.M. when we moved further to the right our Co. go on Piquet have a cold time of it at night our things have come up but we cannot go back to get them therefore all we can do is lay & shiver until morning shall dawn no sign of secesh they have all left bag & baggage



Dec. 9th   Come in this morning pitch our tents got breakfast which is very acceptable after our long fast go over the Battle field & go to the Secesh Hospitals it is a very hard sight all unkind feelings vanish as one looks upon those poor suffering men it is true they brought it upon themselves still it looks hard to see them suffer so they tell me they had 8 Reg'ts 6.000 strong against our two Reg'ts of 700 or 800 they also said our Reg. killed more than their own No we have very effective guns revolving rifles & Belgian rifle 69/100 Calibre theirs were splendid English guns therefore we were not much ahead of them in that respect they had poor artilerists here

10th   we have to bury part of their dead their wounded is left in our hands

11th   nothing seems of importance until about Christmas accept a heavy rain making it very muddy & we move on to the Hill

27th   march at six A.M. leave everything but one blanket & each strike the telegraph road at Hogeye then passed over the Boston mountains 30 miles & bivouac at midnight beside a small creek on the south slope of the mountain which is very rough & almost impassable for either man or beast



Dec. 28th   arise at five but cannot march for Blunt with the 1st Div'n has formed a junction with us two miles south & we have to wait for him to go ahead at 10.A.M. we are two miles on our way we march along at a moderate pace until about 3.P.M. when Blunt & Herron who are ahead with the Cav. make a dash on Vanburen driving the Rebs out of town accross the river in hot haste leaving 70 teams loaded 4 large transports & any amount military stores in town when the cannonading commenced we were hurried forward we soon passed the 94th Ill. & 9th Wis'n Inf'y and Batery E. 1st Mo Light Artilery & now nothing was left to impede our progress & we went through at a flying rate until within 2 miles of the town when all became [illegible] & we bivouaced for the night 20 miles

29th   march in to town lay two hours come back & at five P.M. start back for P.G. march 13 miles 6 below town & back

30th   last night Schofield met us we march 24 miles bivouac for the night

31st   march 13 miles into camp this ends 1862 would they were as successful East as we have been here in the west